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Your First Nouns
Lesson 3

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LEARN ARAMAIC

-Introduction
-1) The Alapbet
-
2) Vowels & Dialect Marks
-
3) Your First Nouns

MATTHEW

-Evidences
-Manuscripts (NEW!)
-Translations

MARK

-Evidences
-Manuscripts
-Translations

LUKE

-Evidences
-Manuscripts
-Translations

JOHN

-Evidences
-Manuscripts
-Translations

REVELATION

-Evidences
-Manuscripts
-Translations

 

Posted by Steve Caruso , updated Tuesday, August 20, 2002 8:29 AM

Allllright! You've gotten this far :-)

Now you're actually going to learn some Aramaic words, after a small discussion on nouns, themselves.

Aramaic, like Hebrew, has words with two genders. Masculine, and Feminine (no Neuter as found in Latin and Greek). The genders are assigned, it seems sometimes, with no reguard to actual gender (INSERT EXAMPLES).

Aramaic Nouns also have three forms: Emphatic, Construct, and Absolute.

The form that you'll need to know the most about is the Emphatic (just a big word for INSERT WORD HERE) which is the form of the word that you'd look up in a dictionary (provided you have an Aramaic dictionary :-) ). Since nouns can be masculine or feminine, and singular or plural, we have four endings for them:

Emphatic:
Masculine
Feminine
Singular
-ܳܐ (-a)
-ܬܳܐ (-ta)
Plural
-̈ܶܐ (-e)
-̈ܳܬܳܐ (-ata)

COMPARE SCRIPTS

NOTE: Sometimes the Taw in the feminine plural is asperated (making it -̈ܳܬ݂ܳܐ (-atha) )

Notice the two dots in the plural forms above the letters? They are called "Seyame" dots. Back when Aramaic was written without vowels, they were invaluable for determining what was singular and what was plural. As you can see, the singular and plural endings are spelled with the exact same consonants (only the vowels differ!), rendering singular and plural nouns identically spelled.

Now that we have vowel markers, this is no longer such an issue. I like to keep them in there, however, for it makes plural forms easier to spot in writing.

With this in mind, here are your first four nouns!

Word
Definition
(risha)
"beginning"
(Meshikha)
"Messiah"
(bra)
"son"
(Élaha)
"God"

 

 

COMPARISONS:

EMPHATIC:

UNDER CONSTRUCTION!
(I'm working as fast as I can! :-) )

 

Everything © 2002 Steve Caruso unless otherwise noted.
Please feel free to use this for private or public use, just send me an email first! :-)


 


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